The aim was to establish a consistent definition, so that the world would never again turn its back on catastrophic starvation (which it does anyway).
The classifications are:
Phase 5 — famine or catastrophe: Catastrophic rates of starvation deaths, with acute malnutrition rates of more than 30 percent of population, a mortality above two people per 10,000 population per day and severe food shortages for more than 20 percent of people.
Phase 4 — emergency: Severe food shortages, very high rates of severe acute malnutrition leading to high numbers of hunger-related deaths.
Phase 3 — crisis: Widespread hunger and higher than normal rates of severe acute malnutrition.
Phase 2 — stressed: Families sell their belongings to survive.
Phase 1 — minimal: Families can meet their basic food needs.
I’ve been following the starvation levels unfolding in different parts of the world. But what I note is how Phase 1 and Phase 2 are very widespread already in the United States. There are also many thousands of cases of Phase 3 in this country being reported.
So despite the classification efforts – hunger is still very widespread – already. Even in ‘wealthy countries’.